American Psychological Association homosexuality

March 3, 2021

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Understanding Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Understanding Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

  • Answers to Your Questions For a Better Understanding of Sexual Orientation & Homosexuality
    This pamphlet is designed to provide accurate information for those who want to better understand sexual orientation and the impact of prejudice and discrimination on those who identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual. The brochure is also available in Russian and Spanish.
  • Answers to Your Questions About Transgender People, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression
    Transgender is an umbrella term used to describe people whose gender identity (sense of themselves as male or female) or gender expression differs from socially constructed norms associated with their birth sex. This includes androgynous, bigendered and gender queer people, who tend to see traditional concepts of gender as restrictive.
  • Answers to Your Questions About Same-Sex Marriage
    The psychological and social aspects of committed relationships between same-sex partners resemble those of heterosexual partnerships, living in a state where same-sex marriage is outlawed can lead to chronic social stress and mental health problems, and same-sex couples are as fit and capable parents as heterosexual couples.
  • Just the Facts about Sexual Orientation and Youth: A Primer for Principals, Educators and School Personnel
    Just the Facts provides information and resources for principals, educators and school personnel who confront sensitive issues involving gay, lesbian and bisexual students.

Additional APA Resources

  • Topics: LGBT
    Get a better understanding of sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Concerns Office
    This APA office advances the creation, communication and application of psychological knowledge on gender identity and sexual orientation to benefit society and improve lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people's lives.
  • APA LGBT resources and publications
    Community outreach for LGBT issues, resources for psychologists and students of psychology, information for families, and publications on addressing bias and discrimination.

The full text of articles from APA Help Center may be reproduced and distributed for noncommercial purposes with credit given to the American Psychological Association. Any electronic reproductions must link to the original article on the APA Help Center. Any exceptions to this, including excerpting, paraphrasing or reproduction in a commercial work, must be presented in writing to the APA. Images from the APA Help Center may not be reproduced.

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